Categorías estatales, burocracias del desplazamiento y posibilidades desde los márgenes

Autores/as

  • Cecilia Menjívar UCLA

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24201/es.2024v42.e2506

Palabras clave:

Estado, burocracias, sistemas de clasificación, ley de inmigración, violencia de género, América Latina, desigualdades

Resumen

En este discurso presidencial, planteo la importancia de las categorías y los sistemas de clasificación creados por el Estado que determinan la elegibilidad de los solicitantes para obtener recursos tangibles e intangibles. Mediante sistemas de clasificación basados en normas y reglamentos que reflejan poderosos intereses e ideologías, las buro­cracias mantienen en pie los sistemas que fomentan la desigualdad, incluyen a algunos, excluyen a otros y desatienden a muchos. Propongo adoptar una perspectiva crítica al momento de usar categorías formalizadas en nuestro trabajo, que reconozca la naturaleza artificial de dichas categorías, su naturali­zación por medio de las prácticas cotidianas y sus desajustes con respecto a las experiencias vividas. Esta manera de abordar el asunto puede revelar las estructuras sistémicas que engendran tanto patrones duraderos de desigualdad como sistemas estatales de clasificación, y puede replantear cuestiones sobre las personas a las que el Estado clasifica en las categorías que usamos. Concluyo con un breve análisis de los beneficios que pueden surgir a partir de la ampliación de nuestros repertorios teóricos mediante la inclu­sión de conocimientos producidos en el Sur Global.

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2023-09-11

Cómo citar

Menjívar, C. (2023). Categorías estatales, burocracias del desplazamiento y posibilidades desde los márgenes. Estudios Sociológicos De El Colegio De México, 42, 1–32. https://doi.org/10.24201/es.2024v42.e2506