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Artículos
Publicado: 12-07-2019

En el vientre de la bestia. Reconstrucción relacional de la campaña contra el fracking en Texas

Department of Sociology, University of Texas at Austin
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Javier Auyero

Javier Auyero es profesor de sociología de la Universidad de Texas, Austin. Discípulo del historiador y sociólogo Chuck Tilly, se licenció en la Universidad de Buenos Aires y se doctoró en The New School for Social Research. Sus áreas de trabajo son la etnografía política, la pobreza urbana, la acción colectiva, los estudios latinoamericanos y la teoría social y cultural. Recibió becas de la John Simon Guggenheim Foundation y de la Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation
Department of Sociology, University of Texas at Austin
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Maricarmen Hernández

Maricarmen es candiata a doctora en el Departamento de Sociología de la University of Texas at Austin. Sus intereses de investigación son la desigualdad medioambiental, movimientos sociales, sociología política y economías extractivas.

Department of Sociology, University of Texas at Austin
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Mary Ellen Stitt

Es maestra en Estudios Latinoamericanos por la Tulane University, 2013. Actualmente estudia su doctorado en Sociología en la University of Texas at Austin.
fracking movimientos sociales sociología relacional justicia ambiental riesgo

Resumen

Este artículo ofrece un relato relacional del surgimiento, desarrollo, e impacto de un movimiento social en contra del fracking urbano en Denton, Texas. Destacamos el rol que juegan las interacciones entre los activistas de base, los funcionarios locales, y otros interlocutores en la construcción política de un entendimiento común del riesgo ambiental. Basándonos en la literatura sobre percepciones de riesgo y los efectos de los movimientos sociales, argumentamos que como resultado de las relaciones de conflicto y cooperación entre activistas, funcionarios, residentes, y representantes de la industria petrolera, emergió un espectro de opiniones sobre los impactos posiblemente negativos del fracking. En particular, mostramos que la acción de base comunitaria fue fundamental para que la campaña lograra prohibir el fracking. La acción colectiva a nivel local debe tener un papel protagónico en las investigaciones científicas del entendimiento comunitario del peligro ambiental.

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Cómo citar

Auyero, J., Hernández, M., & Stitt, M. E. (2019). En el vientre de la bestia. Reconstrucción relacional de la campaña contra el fracking en Texas. Estudios Sociológicos De El Colegio De México, 37(111), 611–657. https://doi.org/10.24201/es.2019v37n111.1789
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